At 08:22 AM 6/16/2004, D. Overington Consulting wrote:
>I have a 1990 S4 (in Australia) and I've now had it for about 3 months.
>It has two problems.
>1. Occasionally the engine loses almost all power and idles roughly. To get it going I simply shut it down for 30 secs and start it up and it
>runs fine until next time (any time between 100 feet and 500 miles). I have put new main and in-tank fuel pumps in it, thinking that may have been the problem. Problem has never occurred whilst under load uphill, but always when pulling away gently after a gradual descent. No errors etc showing up on hammer.
The late model cars have an ignition monitoring system to prevent cat fires. If one ignition system dies, an exhaust temp sensor reports low temp, and the monitoring system kills the injection on those four cylinders. It is not too unusual for the temp sensors to eventually malfunction.
Remove the ECU cover, and find the monitoring relay, a clear plastic box.
When the engine loses power, check the box for an illuminated red or green LED.
Here is the text of a Service Bulletin:
Diagnosing Ignition Monitoring System
Service Manager/Service Technician
>From 1989 Models ->
Checking of components after activation of the ignition monitoring system (injection circuit switched off fault codes 1131 of 1231).
Activation may be caused by the following:
- Damaged or defective exhaust gas temperature sensors.
- Possible damage to the ignition coil wire left side (in driving direction) between the ignition coil and distributor cap.
- Poor grounding of the mounting plate for the ignition final stages.
- Poor physical connection of the electrical plugs on the ignition final stages.
New version temperature sensor Part Number 928 606 155 02 New coil wire with hose covering Part Number 928 602 040 01 (for left side) Repair Information:
Check the left side ignition coil wire. Be certain the coil wire is routed
freely and not under tension. If damaged, replace with new version (see parts
2. Check all ignition components and connectors for corrosion, tightness, correct connection and damage. Repair or replace as necessary. If an ignition circuit has malfunctioned, an LED indication will be given by the ignition monitor relay located on the L-H control unit mounting plate. Ignition circuit I (cyl. 1-7-6-4) Red diode Ignition circuit II (cyl. 3-2-5-8) Green diode
3. Before replacing temperature sensors, check the voltage
difference of both temperature sensors as per step 4 of this bulletin. Sensors
are located in the exhaust ports:
Model '89-'90, cyl. 4 and 8 Model '91 cyl. 3 and 7 The function of the ignition circuits and light diodes located in the ignition monitor relay remains unchanged. It is not possible to determine from the LED display of the ignition monitor relay if one or both temperature sensors are defective or which temperature sensor has failed.
When installing temperature sensors, coat the sensor adapter threads with molykote paste HTP (white) and torque sensors to 10 N-m.
4. The voltage difference of the temperature sensors must be checked in order to
ensure proper operation of the ignition monitor system.
Checking sensor voltage difference:
- Start engine and bring to operating temperature.
- Loosen the mounting bolt for the ignition monitor relay and pivot the relay up to gain access to the plug terminals Do not disconnect the relay plug.
- Set volt meter to the millivolt range and connect leads between E1 and E2 of ignition monitor relay (Figure 3, white wires). A digital volt meter must be used. Polarity is not important.
- Measure voltage with the engine idling and again at approximately 2000 RPM. A maximum difference of +2.5 mV or -2.5 mV (depending on polarity) is permitted. If the voltage difference is above 2.5 mV, stop the engine, loosen and rotate one temperature sensor. Retighten sensor and check voltage difference. If the difference is above 2.5 mV, stop the engine and rotate the other sensor. If after rotating the sensors to different positions, the voltage difference is too high (above 2.5 mV) the temperature sensors are defective and must be replaced.
>2. Sometimes it runs hot, with the temp. needle going well towards the high / red mark. I believe the front louvres are opening and closing properly. Am putting a new thermostat in tomorrow, just to do the easy things first.
>I am tempted to think the two are related, something along the lines that the engine is getting hot, so partly shutting itself down / retarding ignition. But this is just my musings with no scientific basis.
>If anyone out there is able to point me in the right direction, for me to suggest to the Porsche workshop, I'd be very grateful. (I've also posted a similar plea for help on the Landsharkoz website. Hi Jaime!!)
The most common problem is a temp gauge that reads high. A hot engine will feel and smell hotter than normal.
There are numerous things that can cause a temp increase, including an air bubble in the cooling system, sticking thermostat, bad fan control or fan motor, etc. But again, the first thing to determine is if the engine is actually overheating.
A few weeks back someone on the list mentioned how to cross wire the four cylinder mode relay so all cylinders will run. I have this problem and need to get the car running for a while to run some tests and move the car. Thanks for any help and please send me a copy directly.
Dan the Pod Guy
bridge connections 2, 4 and 5 in the relay socket.
Most likely one of the Ignition Monitoring temp probes is bad. You can
replace the sensor ($$$) or since you don't have cats just bypass that system
with a Bypass relay. Part # is 928.615.175.00 and we have them on the website
for $15.23. I recommend every 89 and later owner to have one in their glove box
for when that system starts acting up. In a pinch you can also remove the relay
(large clear relay on engine computer console) and jumper pins 2,4,5 together on
the relay socket (leave relay out) which should put you back in to 8 cylinder
wsm page28-77 I think. Also be aware that the LH ecu is able to register an activation of the monitoring circuit it seems....
The running on 4 cylinders is NOT LIMP HOME MODE !! It is get it off the freeway out of the intersection. LIMP HOME is a default program for when the mass air takes a dump BUT The car still runs on all 8 cylinders at very low power ! When the ignition monitor relay the one with the red green lights THINKS that 1/2 of the ignition system is having a failure and two cylinders on each bank may be pumping fuel and air into the catalytic converter IT shuts down the injection to those 4 cylinders (2 on each bank) which are showing low exhaust temperatures as measured on cylinders 4 and 8 for 1989 and 3 and 7 1990 > The purpose keep people from trying to make it home on 4 cylinders and burn their car up in the process.